Relativistic Hydrodynamic Evolutions
with Black Hole Excision

         Matthew D. Duez
         Stuart L. Shapiro
         Hwei-Jang Yo

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


We present a numerical code designed to study astrophysical phenomena involving dynamical spacetimes containing black holes in the presence of relativistic hydrodynamic matter. We present evolutions of the collapse of a fluid star from the onset of collapse to the settling of the resulting black hole to a final stationary state. In order to evolve stably after the black hole forms, we excise a region inside the hole before a singularity is encountered. This excision region is introduced after the appearance of an apparent horizon, but while a significant amount of matter remains outside the hole. We test our code by evolving accurately a vacuum Schwarzschild black hole, a relativistic Bondi accretion flow onto a black hole, Oppenheimer-Snyder dust collapse, and the collapse of nonrotating and rotating stars. These systems are tracked reliably for hundreds of M following excision, where M is the mass of the black hole. We perform these tests both in axisymmetry and in full 3+1 dimensions. We then apply our code to study the effect of the stellar spin parameter J/M2 on the final outcome of gravitational collapse of rapidly rotating n = 1 polytropes. We find that a black hole forms only if J/M2 < 1, in agreement with previous simulations. When J/M2 > 1, the collapsing star forms a torus which fragments into nonaxisymmetric clumps, capable of generating appreciable splash gravitational radiation.

For a discussion of excision in hydrodynamic evolutions , see:

Duez, Shapiro, and Yo (2004), Relativistic Hydrodynamic Evolutions with Black Hole Excision , Phys.Rev. D69 104016 (gr-qc/0401076)

Initial Stellar Model

Sub-Kerr Axisymmetric Collapse (J/M2 < 1)

Supra-Kerr Axisymmetric Collapse (J/M2 > 1)

Supra-Kerr 3D Collapse

Scientific visualization by

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

last updated 22 jan 05 by dvd

Center for Theoretical Astrophysics---University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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